A List Apart: Facts and Opinion About Fahrner Image Replacement

Article by A List Apart from October 2003 that covers off some of the basics.

Development of the Fahrner Image Replacement technique and its analogues is moving faster than the destruction of the Berlin Wall. This article provides some much-needed empirical data on how FIR actually works in screen readers.
This is part of the long term Archive, originally published on

Categories: Search Engine Voodoo


Last modified at